Luciferian identity and syncretism
Although reviled by christians, in Christianity’s context, “Lucifer” does not exist. An identity known as “Ha-Satan” is known in judeo-christian lore and the Bible, sure, but at no point is it ever connected with Lucifer.
In the context of the Bible, “Lucifer” is a title. It means “light bearer” (from the latin lux/lucem, light, and ferre, “to bear, to carry, to wield”), and it is a translation of “helel”, “brightness”. It is consistently applied to Venus, the Morning Star, whose as Eosphorus, the “dawn bringer”, is of enormous relevance. Indeed, Venus receives more attention as a vessel of light than the Sun itself.
Ironically, “Lucifer” is applied often to Jesus (specially in later parts of the New Testament) in his role as a symbol of Venus. The idea that Lucifer is an epiphet of Satan only occured due to a single part of the Old Testament, Isaiah 14. Here, we have the narrot insulting “Lucifer”, claiming him/it to be the son of morning and of sawn, cast to the earth. Most archaeologists believe that the passage reffers to a Babylonian king, not a supernatural being at all. Indeed, “Lucifer” is never used again as an epiphet except for Jesus.
What most christians didn’t get (and never will) is that the passage is worded as means to allude to a legend of Canaanite Mythology.
The Real Lucifer/Helel/whatever
Like most Indo-European mythologies, the Canaanite lore has a goddess of Dawn, symbolising the rising Sun. Indeed, it is thought their Dawn Goddess, Shapash, was actually a solar deity of her own right. Shapash had two offspring, heralding her passage: Shahar, god of Morning and Dawn, and Shalim, god of Evening and Dusk. Sometimes they are considered sons of El, the dominant god, sometimes of other deities, but it is important to note their role in mythology.
In Canaanite mythology, Shahar, being the brightest of the gods after the Sun herself, attempted to take his place in the moutain of the gods, in Heaven. However, his insolence rendered in him being cast into Sheol, the Underworld, so now, when he shines, he only does so in the morning, with his brother heralding dusk.
Needless to say, not only it proved a worthy way of criticising a King (implying that he too was unworthy of being in the throne and that should be rightfully cast aside), but the imagery was powerful enough to stick with judeo-christian thinking. Shahar, now as “Lucifer”, stormed Heaven to assert his dominance, only to be expelled and fall on the earth. Likewise, his brother Shalim became Michael, enforcing the actions against his brother.
The term “Lucifer” was also applied to a native greco-roman deity, Eosphorus (“dawn bearer”). Son of Eos, the Dawn Goddess, he also had a brother/possible mate in Hesperus, the evening star (known as Vesper to the romans). Sometimes, both deities were fused into a single entity, known as Phosphorus (“light bringer”), heralding the rise and set of the Sun. Sometimes, Phosphorus is also used as a title rather than an actual name, and thus it is also the epiphet of many deities, like Hecate.
The use of the epiphet “Lucifer” as applied to Jesus is for extremely obvious reasons.
Syncretism in action
With the identity of Lucifer established as the personifaction of Dawn/Light, the connection with Venus is throughly retained. Modern occultists often claim him as being the same being, or aspect of, Azazel, a jewish symbol of removal and scapegoats. There’s even less evidence to suggest that Azazel is a “real” mythological entity rather than an epiphet, so I seriously doubt the occult traditions have it right.
Lucifer does, however, bear a distinct similarity to other mythological entities. In it’s role as the personification of Light, parallels can be established with thousands of deities, specially if they bear a specific association with Dawn.
In Celtic Mythology, the god Lugh is the personification of the light and of the Sun. Indeed, his very name might be the closest aproximation to the original indo-european word meaning “light”. As a god of healing, arts, trickery and sexual promiscuity, he fits most of the classical traits associated with Lucifer. The Lusitanian god Endovelicus also represents light, health and the Sun, and also has distinct chthonic aspect; he descends into the Underworld, bringing healing power, often as watery springs, and comunicates with his worshippers in their dreams. For these reasons, the greek/roman Apollo can also be syncretically associated with Lucifer, specially due to his connection with snakes (see below).
In Egyptian Mythology, Horus the sky god lords over the Moon and the Sun, effectively making him the owner of both celestial light sources. Considering his role as saviour and protector, Horus most defenitely resembles Lucifer, when it is used as an epiphet of Jesus. The god Ammon, whose name means “hidden” in spite of being a solar deity, as well as having the ram as a sacred animal, is also remaniscient, and so is the monotheistic Aten, speacially in it’s depiction as the light emanating from the Sun rather than the solar disc itself.
Lucifer, either as Jesus or as Satan, has an associated with snakes. The word “seraphim” is a translation of “sarap”, a word meaning “fiery” and used to described sacred snakes, as opposed to normal snakes, “nahash” (“nahash” is used for the snake in the garden of Eden, hence it is safe to say that it is a “normal” snake instead of Satan as idiot christians think). Because of the association with seraphim with Lucifer, regardless of his identity, it is safe to infer that snakes are sacred to the light bearer.
In Egyptian Mythology, Wadjet is the goddess of light, associated with the Sun, fire and the Milky Way, and is represented as a cobra, protecting the Pharaoh. In mesoamerican mythologies, winged snakes represent many gods, such as the famous Quetzalcoatl. Inparticular, the mayan god Tohil, representing the Sun, is another syncretic connection. The Rainbow Serpent is a common motiff in many african and oceanian cultures. It represents heavenly light as well as the promise of rains.